Autologous Stem cells provide new cells for the body as it grows and replaces the damaged or lost cells. These cells have the exceptional ability to produce new cells by dividing innumerable times. They can also change into other types of cells as per the body's requirement and hence can be used to replace the damaged cells and tissues.
Autologous Stem cells research helps us understand how the cells become specialized for specific functions in the body and what happens in different cell types during diseases. The study of organ structures and tissue growth from autologous stem cells helps us understand how they function and how they are affected by the various drugs. It can also in the process of replicating new cells, tissues and organs.
Autologous Stem cell Therapy helps in treating various disorders, serious to non-serious illnesses, by using autologous stem cells. These autologous stem cells can be used to treat some blood conditions like thalassemia and cancer patients. It is also used to treat patients with severe burns by generating new skin. Age-related macular degeneration is also a disease where autologous stem cells are used to treat it.
There are three different kinds of autologous stem cells:
Embryonic autologous stem cells: These kinds of autologous stem cells provide new cells for an embryo as they grow and develop into a fetus. These embryonic cells are said to be pluripotent, which means they can change into any cell in the body.
Adult autologous stem cells: They supply new cells for a growing organism and replace the damaged cells. These cells are multipotent, which means they can change into some cells in the body, not into any cell. For instance, skin autologous stem cells provide the cells that make up the skin and hair. Blood autologous stem cells can only replace the cells in the blood.
Induced pluripotent autologous stem cells: Scientists make these cells in the laboratory by using adult cells like skin or blood cells and reprogram them to become autologous stem cells.
Researchers and doctors are of the belief that autologous stem cells can be used to treat various diseases and health conditions.
Research of autologous stem cells helps in understanding how diseases occur. The process of studying the cells maturing into the cells of bones, muscles, heart, nerves, and other organs and tissues gives the researchers an understanding of how the disease develops.
Autologous stem cell research will help generate healthy cells to replace diseased cells. The autologous stem cells can be programmed into becoming specific cells that can be used to regenerate and repair damaged or diseased tissues in the body. The patients who will benefit from autologous stem cell therapy include those with spinal cord injury, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's, heart disease, stroke, burns, cancer, and osteoarthritis.
Autologous stem cell research can be used to test new drugs for safety and effectiveness. Experimental drugs can be first tested using autologous stem cells to ensure their safety and quality. This type of testing will have a direct impact on drug manufacturing.
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